Rhizophora mucronata Lam. (Bakauan-babae)
Bakauan-babae is a tree of the mangrove swamps growing up to 12 meters high, with numerous prop roots. Leaves are shining, oblong-elliptic, 8 to 16 centimeters long, 3.5 to 8 centimeters wide, and pointed at both ends. Cymes are axillary, 2.5 to 4 centimeters long, and bear 3 to 7 stalkless, white or cream-colored flowers. The fruit is ovoid, 3.5 to 5 centimeters long, pendulous, brown or olive-colored, the persistent calyx-lobes are reflexed. Protruded radicle is green and cylindric, growing up 20 to 40 centimeters long before falling off the tree. Seeds often germinate while on the tree and crop as young plants into the mud below.
– Considered astringent, antiseptic, febrifuge.
– In Queensland, the honey which the native bees collect from the flowers is reported to be poisonous, probably endowed with some deleterious principle.
– Studies suggest antidiarrheal, antidiabetic, radical scavenging, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anthelmintic, anticholinesterase, anticancer properties.